From the Government website

Australian involvement in South-East Asian Conflicts

The Malayan Emergency (1948-1960) and the Indonesian-Malaysian Confrontation (Konfrontasi) (1962-1966)

Department of Veterans' Affairs website

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British Brigadier-General HJ Mogg the commander of the 28th Commonwealth Brigade, inspecting the Commonwealth Signal Squadron at Taiping in northern
 Malaya in 1959.

Australian involvement in South-East Asian Conflicts:

The Malayan Emergency (1948-1960) and the Indonesian Confrontation (1963-1966) represent significant turning points in both Australian military history and the history of Australia’s international relations. An understanding of these conflicts also helps explain why Australia became involved in the Vietnam War (1962-1972).

The Malayan Emergency and Indonesian Confrontation were disputes over the fate of former British colonial possessions in South-East Asia. They were end-of-empire conflicts, and they were the last occasions in which Australians fought alongside other Commonwealth forces in what was basically a British cause. At the same time, however, the Emergency and the Confrontation represented increasing Australian involvement in developments in South-East Asia, and therefore suggested the emergence of a foreign policy that would be ideologically pro-Western, but no longer oriented towards Europe.

Members of B Company 2 RAR about to go on a patrol in Perak in 1956.

The Malayan Emergency

The Malayan Emergency was a conflict between communist guerrillas and British Commonwealth forces including Australians. The guerrillas, most of whom were Malayan Chinese, were seeking to overthrow the British colonial administration in Malaya. The term ‘Emergency’ is used to describe the conflict because on 18 June 1948 the British declared a State of Emergency in Malaya after guerrillas assassinated three European plantation managers in the northern state of Perak.

The Malayan Emergency arose from political and ideological uncertainty in Asia following the Second World War, and from a long-standing antipathy between the British and the Malayan Chinese. Moreover, when the British resumed control after the war, the new administration failed to act firmly or consistently to solve social and economic problems in Malaya. The administration’s initial response to escalating violence on the part of the communists was also indecisive. more…

An Indonesian soldier detained in Malaya in October
 1964 by members of the 3rd Battalion, the Royal Australian Regiment (3 RAR).

Indonesian Confrontation

Confrontation or Konfrontasi was a conflict between Indonesia and Malaysia that took place mainly on the island of Borneo. British and Commonwealth forces, including Australians, supported Malaysia. At stake was the future of the former British possessions, Sabah and Sarawak, which bordered Indonesia’s provinces on Borneo.

Malaya gained official independence from the British in 1957. The Malayan Prime Minister Tunkul Abdul Rahman and the British wanted North Borneo to join Malaya in a New Federation of Malaysia, which was to come into being in 1963. Indonesian President Sukarno, however, not only opposed the idea of a greater Malaysia, but also aimed to incorporate North Borneo into Indonesia – as had recently occurred in the case of the former Dutch colonies in western New Guinea.

The Confrontation was set in motion in December 1962 by an attempted coup d’état in the tiny pro-British sultanate of Brunei in north Borneo. more…

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Latest comments

03.08 | 09:40

Contact sabapathy.pillay@yahoo.com

03.08 | 00:59

can you please update me as I am involved in collating these information to set up a museum in Teluk Intan. At this moment its still in its infancy

06.10 | 10:09

Any person who served with 3 SQN RAAF 1969 - 1972 at Williamtown and Butterworth with Mirage aircraft , please contact Bill Farrell 0266832376 or 0418667504

21.08 | 18:31

and the other planter's name is Barrel J. W. He was also from a plantation in and around Teluk Anson. Thank you.

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